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Who Built the Pyramids?

Contrary to popular belief, it was not thousands of slaves nor aliens who built the pyramids of Giza.

Who Built the Pyramids?

 The workers were actually skilled Egyptian laborers who were not oppressed or forced into labor. Those great structures that are ancient symbols of Egypt were built by individuals who did so willingly and skillfully. Recent research and archeological finds have unearthed a temporary city just beside the Pyramids of Giza.

The city housed teams of workers who served for several months and were rotated with other teams from across the country who willingly worked at the site. Other finds in the temporary city have leaded us to assume that these teams were skilled, and were grouped according to their skills and abilities.

There are inscriptions and writings all over the city, graffiti, you might call them, that declared the names of the groups of laborers who came to help build the structures. These teams or batches of workers came from different towns and areas of Ancient Egypt and were “contributed” to the project, based, most likely, on what was a feudal system called “bak”.


when were the pyramids built

The “bak” system can be considered as an obligation that an individual owes his lord. It is a sort of cultural system that is not considered as slavery but instead may be compared to a moral obligation that one owes the entity whom he serves. In this case, the workers who built the pyramids is obliged by his country and the Pharaoh. You can say that the workers knew what they were getting into even before they were brought to the site.

Evidence dug up at the temporary city showed how the materials were brought in from nearby quarries, how the construction system worked with just about twenty thousand to forty thousand laborers at a time as well as how the workers lived. You would be amazed at the extensive organization and thought that went into the workers’ living areas.

Row upon row of long galleries was where the workers slept in an organized fashion. The intensive planning and thoughtfulness do not stop there, even the methods that the materials were brought from the sources were organized to make things easy for the workers.


who built the pyramids of egypt

Skilled and Well-fed Workers

Based on this assumption, the workers were likely chosen according to their skills and abilities. The administration that chose the workers were those who ran the towns across the country and were most familiar with the skills and abilities of their people. It was earlier assumed that the laborers who built the pyramids numbered in the hundreds of thousands and consisted of unwilling slaves and foreigners who were captured and forced to do laborious work. It can be assumed that the workers likely felt it their responsibility and obligation to work for the good of their country and their leader.

Those who built the pyramids are assumed to have been well-fed with loaves of bread and good meat. Digs at the recently uncovered city near the Pyramids of Giza have yielded what appears to be evidence of how well-fed the people there were. Cattle and goat bones, as well as bakeries that could feed thousands, have been brought to light. The organizers of the project knew they had to have strong men who can do heavy and extensive labor, hence they were fed with the right diet. Their living quarters were also made well and they had a modicum of comfort that one can expect to be given to valued workers who built the pyramids.

There were galleries and halls where people could sleep, dine, and live in. The situation was not bleak and harsh as depicted in many famous films about ancient Egypt. There were slaves in Egypt at that time but it was not slaves who contributed their labor to the construction of the Pyramids of Giza. Evidence shows that the workers were willing and skilled as they helped to build the pyramids according to their beliefs and culture.

who built the pyramids in egypt

Contributions to Make a Great Nation


Researchers also assume that the towns and areas across Egypt not only contributed manpower to the construction of such a massive project but also contributed food and other supplies. This showed the support that their nation had from the communities which make up the country. This is most likely where the “bak” system comes into play. It can be compared to a layman offering his God and country his time and effort because he believes it is for the greater good and it is what he owes them.

If you want to read more about- who built the pyramids, or about pyramids in general, you can read here.

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