Sure you know many breeds of dogs, but would you know exactly how many dog breeds are there? The truth is that this question is not so easy to answer, since there are more than 300 breeds of dogs gathered in 10 different groups.
Despite being a great lover of dogs, these figures have surely surprised you. Therefore, if you want to know how many dog breeds there are in the world, their classification, and their origin, keep reading and we will explain everything!
How Many Dog Breeds Are There In The World
The dog is the most diverse animal species in terms of the great variety of breeds around the world. No other species enjoy such diversity. Furthermore, scientists estimate that the numbers are increasing every year.
Although more than 800 canine breeds are calculated, those officially recognized by the International Canine Federation so far total 343.
Those that are really considered official are those that have not altered their physical characteristics in many generations.
However, the official ones are also crosses of dog breeds that have remained the same over the years and whose characteristics are not the product of chance but are the result of selective breeding by humans during years.
Breed Diversity And Europe
The plurality of dog breeds on the planet has occurred mainly during the last 200 years and in very specific places.
According to the map produced by illustrator artist Lili Chin, Dogs of the World, most breeds come from the European continent.
Specifically by country, France and Great Britain have 57 registered dog breeds and Germany 47. Furthermore, Eurocentrism is visible even on the other side of the pond, where Cuba’s official dog, or “Havanese,” also has European origin.
However, other continents, such as the American and Asian, despite having fewer official dogs, have the honor of having the most exotic and interesting breeds, such as the Mexican Xoloitzcuintle, the Shiba Inu from Japan, or the Inca Orchid from Peru.
Thus, although Europe conquers the map with more than 80% of the official dog breeds, each geographical location has contributed its grain of sand to the enormous diversity of dog breeds globally.
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